The oldest written documents on the existence of vampires record the case of Jure Grando from the village of Kringa in Istria. The legend and the testimonies from the inhabitants through generations tell that after his burial in 1656, Jure Grando got out of the grave the same night and started terrorizing the inhabitants and seducing his widow for the next 16 years.

After 16 years had passed, the local prefect Miho Radetic, gathered nine local men and undug his grave. They found him with rosy cheeks and a perfectly preserved body which they could not pierce with a hawthorn stick, so they severed his head and covered the grave. After that, Grando stopped usurping the locals.Slovenian traveller, Janez Vajkard Valvasor wrote about this legend in his book The Glory of the Duchy of Kranj, published in 1689.